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太平天国运动注定失败?看洪秀全的奢靡生活就知道了******

原标题:太平天国运动注定失败?看洪秀全的奢靡生活就知道了

一个领袖的私生活和人品,是一个非常严肃的问题,决定了起义运动的成败。在太平天国刚刚有了成绩,尚未站稳之时,洪秀全的个人作风直接影响到整个领导层的风气。圣人有云:“富贵不能淫。”简单五个字,是对世世代代官民的衷心告诫,洪秀全所作所为已经不具备一个优秀领导人应该有的品德。

江南春梦庵笔记记载,在洪秀全的天王府之中,一共有2300名妃嫔,他征讨满清的过程完全成了搜罗美女的过程。这则记录成为了后人抨击洪秀全荒淫无度的一大罪状,其作者沈懋良曾言他和太平天国赞王蒙得恩交情甚好,所以对太平天国内部的情况十分熟悉。他写的这本书曾经作为考证洪秀全私生活的重要资料,被整理在神州国光社出版《天平天国》之中。

后来,著名的史学家罗尔纲先生曾经写下文章抨击这篇笔记,称此书为欺世盗名的伪书,所以洪秀全藏有两千多名美女的传闻就失去了可信度。即便如此,洪秀全的私生活可诟病的地方还是不少。

洪秀全的发妻赖莲英是一位烈性的女子,天京陷落之后,带着十万军民投长江而死。在发动金田起义的时候,洪秀全的老婆队伍已经扩充到了15人。永安封王之时,他又添了21名嫔妃。到了湖北武汉,他已经有了60位妃嫔。到了天京之后,洪秀全的妃子们已经达到了88人。要知道康熙在位那么多年,也不过只有67名妃嫔,洪秀全这反超速度还是可以的。

根据正史记载,洪秀全一共有88名妃子,而幼主洪天贵福在9岁的时候就已经娶了4个妃嫔。洪秀全在起义之初大喊“男子皆兄弟,女子皆姐妹”的口号,但是一旦被群众推向了权力的巅峰,就开始露出了自己自私和狭隘的本性。洪秀全1853年进入南京,到1864年,从未领兵打仗也没出过南京,他甚至在这些年一封诏书都没有写过。

洪秀全来到南京之后,已经没有了所谓的理想,他修建天王府穷尽奢华,曾经高喊着人人平等口号的天王,竟然在自己的朝天门外写着:大小臣子若是没有诏令不可进入。视自己为不可轻易相见的最高统治者,可笑他门上挂着的匾额还写着四个大字:天子万年。在洪秀全的“领导”之下,杨秀清有样学样,建造了高大的王府,三年在南京城中未出一步。

洪秀全在城中到底有多奢侈已经没有正史考证,但有一本英国人所写的《天京游记》详细记载了洪秀全等人的骄奢生活。他们对黄金有着极度的痴迷崇拜,就连龙袍上的纽扣也夜壶都是纯金打造的。杨秀清极为讲究排场,出门之时门口有成百上千名女子跪在门口等候使唤。洪秀全吃饭还要奏乐放鞭炮,用的是金碗和玉碟。这位英国人富礼赐来到天京时已经是1861年,距离杨秀清死亡已经好几年了,所以这本天京游记之中的大部分描写来自于民间传闻而非亲眼所见。百姓对太平天国的传闻已经如此奢靡不堪,可见当时洪秀全已经不得人心,被群众所厌弃。

14日9时起 陕西城乡居民医疗保险恢复办理******

  最近,陕西省城乡居民医疗保险缴费业务暂停办理,记者从陕西省医疗保障局了解到,根据安排,2月10日18时至2月14日9时,我省对铜川市、宝鸡市和安康市进行第一批职工基本医疗保险参保缴费业务系统停机切换。

  系统停机切换期间,暂停业务的包括全省企业职工基本养老保险、机关事业单位养老保险、失业保险、工伤保险和省直机关医疗保险,铜川市、宝鸡市和安康市职工基本医疗保险,全省城乡居民医疗保险和灵活就业人员养老保险各渠道的申报缴费业务。2月14日9时起,全省企业职工基本养老保险、机关事业单位养老保险、失业保险、工伤保险和省直机关医疗保险,全省城乡居民医疗保险和灵活就业人员养老保险等申报缴费业务各渠道恢复办理。

  此次业务系统停机切换,铜川市、宝鸡市和安康市缴费人已经办理过职工基本医疗保险征集计划的,须在2022年2月10日前完成缴费业务。若在此期间内未完成缴费业务,2022年2月14日后需在医保部门重新办理征集计划。


来源:三秦都市报

编辑:杨蓓蕾

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China Focus: Key insights into China's current economic situation******

BEIJING, Oct. 25 (Xinhua) -- As 2021 marks the beginning of China's 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025), as well as the start of its journey to fully build itself into a modern socialist country, the nation's economic performance has come under the spotlight.

How is China's economy doing so far? Are there any new situations emerging, or existing issues left unresolved? With the pandemic and economic trend becoming more complicated, where is the world's second-largest economy heading?

In response to the significant attention to and concerns over the Chinese economy from both home and abroad, Xinhua has interviewed a number of authoritative departments and individuals, and the following are some of their opinions and judgments on 10 issues of China's economy.

GROWTH MOMENTUM

China's GDP grew 4.9 percent year on year in the third quarter, slower than its growth of 18.3 percent in the first quarter and 7.9 percent in the second quarter. In the first three quarters, the country logged a 9.8 percent GDP expansion, well above its annual growth target of over 6 percent, official data shows.

The growth slowdown was the result of challenges including a resurgence of COVID-19 cases and severe flooding in certain regions, as well as a higher comparison basis in the same period last year, according to authorities.

China is fully capable of achieving its social and economic development goals for the whole year, and the sound momentum of economic development for the long-run has remained unchanged, they told Xinhua.

DOMESTIC DEMAND

China's retail sales of consumer goods jumped 16.4 percent year on year in the first three quarters of 2021, slower than the 23 percent seen in the first half. The country's fixed-asset investment increased 7.3 percent year on year, down from 12.6 percent in the first six months.

Despite the falling growth, China has staying power in domestic demand expansion supported by a super-scale market of over 1.4 billion people, effective policies to boost consumption, and has seen steady progress in the country's major projects set for the 14th Five-Year Plan period.

In the first three quarters, final consumption contributed 64.8 percent to China's economic growth, 3.1 percentage points higher than the level seen in the first half, according to official data.

FOREIGN TRADE

China's foreign trade staged a stellar performance in the first three quarters, with total imports and exports expanding 22.7 percent year on year to 28.33 trillion yuan (about 4.43 trillion U.S. dollars), beating market expectations and playing a bigger part in driving growth.

Considering factors including a high base in the second half of 2020, the country's foreign trade is likely to grow at a slower pace compared to a year ago, presenting a "high-to-low" curve.

But authorities estimate orders for key foreign trade enterprises will remain sufficient until the second quarter of next year. Imports and exports are therefore expected to sustain steady growth this year.

SUPPLY-SIDE STRUCTURAL REFORM

Since the start of this year, high-quality development has become a more distinctive hallmark of China's growth, with the country's economy seeing optimized structures, improved development quality and stronger growth momentum.

Structural reform has been pressing ahead in a sound manner, as manifested in the steady industrial capacity utilization rate, the declining asset-liability ratio of enterprises, and rapidly expanding investment in weak links such as education and healthcare.

Despite the progress achieved, authorities have cautioned that an excessive production capacity may occur, as other countries will gradually reopen their factories at home, leading to a pullback in China's exports.

Coping with the challenges faced by China's economic growth requires an unswerving focus on economic restructuring. At a key meeting held in July, China's policymakers pledged to tighten the power use limit on energy-intensive industries, saying that steps will be taken to refrain from using the property sector as a short-term economic stimulus and to speed up the development of affordable rental housing.

POWER SUPPLY

Since mid-September, power supply across the country has been tight, reflecting the unbalanced supply and demand of energy, especially coal. Power cuts occurred in certain areas from Sept. 23 to 26, causing widespread concern in society.

To cope with the situation, the National Development and Reform Commission said in a series of announcements that it would take necessary measures, including legal intervention in coal prices, to bring the coal market back to rationality and ensure a stable supply of energy.

The National Energy Administration recently announced that it will promote the integration of new energy power generation projects and further improve the power supply capacity.

An improved pricing mechanism for coal-fired power was also released to deepen market-oriented pricing reform in the sector.

GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL, SUPPLY CHAINS

As certain countries act against globalization and the COVID-19 pandemic sweeps across the world, the stability of the global industrial chain and the smooth flow of the global supply chain are confronted with unprecedented challenges.

Thanks to China's timely containment of COVID-19, the stable operations of industrial and supply chains have been secured, and the layouts of multinational companies have increased.

Statistics show that more than 90 percent of foreign companies in China operate mainly in the Chinese market. With a population of 1.4 billion and over 400 million middle-incomers, China has a consumer market of unparalleled size and growth potential.

In addition, the comprehensive advantages of complete industrial facilities, complete infrastructure and abundant human resources have become magnets for foreign investment.

The double-digit year-on-year growth in foreign direct investment into the Chinese mainland in actual use in the January-September period has also confirmed this trend, highlighting that China remains one of the best investment destinations in the world.

Making industrial and supply chains more autonomous and controllable does not require a closed and inward-looking mindset. Rather, it means opening up to a higher level and strengthening overall competitiveness through opening-up and cooperation.

COMMON PROSPERITY

Since the beginning of the year, China has taken a slew of measures to promote common prosperity. While attracting high attention, the term has been misinterpreted by some as "robbing the rich to help the poor."

Rather than having just a few prosperous people, common prosperity, which is an essential requirement of socialism, refers to affluence shared by everyone, physically and intellectually.

China has been gradually placing common prosperity in a more prominent position since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012. Now, having achieved victory in the anti-poverty fight and in the construction of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, the country has favorable conditions to promote common prosperity.

In pursuit of this goal, efforts will be made to properly deal with the relationship between efficiency and fairness, make basic institutional arrangements for income distribution, expand the size of the middle-income group, increase the earnings of low-income groups, adjust excessive incomes, and prohibit illicit incomes to promote social fairness and justice.

ANTI-MONOPOLY

China has unveiled a series of regulatory measures to rein in certain monopolized sectors and the disorderly expansion of capital. These are pragmatic and necessary efforts to promote the sound development of related industries as well as social fairness.

The anti-monopoly measures target illegal acts, rather than the private sector or companies of any specific ownership type.

Thanks to these moves, the flow of capital has seen new trends, with sci-tech innovation, high-tech manufacturing and the industrial internet being new fields that attract capital.

China has been widely recognized as one of the leading nations in the digital economy, meaning it needs more relevant regulations to promote the sound development of related sectors.

RURAL VITALIZATION

After a complete victory in eradicating absolute poverty, China's focus in work related to agriculture, rural areas and rural residents has shifted to comprehensively promoting rural vitalization.

How to prevent a large-scale return to poverty and deliver the rural vitalization strategy has attracted much attention at home and abroad.

The full implementation of the strategy requires stronger top-level design and measures, and more concerted efforts.

Efforts should be made to ensure the country's grain output remains above 650 million tonnes, solve the two key issues, namely seed and arable land, and secure a good start for rural and agricultural modernization, according to authorities.

FINANCIAL RISK PREVENTION

It is important to accurately judge the current financial risk situation as China has seen increased downward pressure in economy, risks and challenges at home and abroad, and debt risks in some enterprises since the second half of the year.

After years of hard work, the country has made great progress in preventing and defusing major financial risks, and has prevented systemic financial risks.

Authorities have noted that while there are individual issues in the real estate market, the risks are generally under control.

The country's top legislature has just adopted a decision to authorize the State Council to pilot property tax reforms in certain regions.

The move aims to advance property tax legislation and reform in an active and prudent manner, guide rational housing consumption and the economical and intensive use of land resources, and facilitate the steady and sound development of the country's property market, according to the decision.

The reasonable capital demand of the property market is being met and the overall trend of healthy development in the real estate market will not change, according to authorities. Enditem

China's furniture sector records steady growth******

BEIJING, Oct. 17 (Xinhua) -- China's furniture sector registered steady growth in the first eight months of the year, data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology showed.

During the period, the industry's operating revenue increased 21.3 percent year on year to 494.04 billion yuan (about 76.7 billion U.S. dollars), according to the ministry.

The combined profits reached 25.83 billion yuan during the period, up 27 percent from a year earlier, the ministry said.

In the first eight months, a total of 706.64 million items of furniture were produced, up 22.2 percent year on year, according to the data. Enditem

选秀两年后,“放羊娃”焦恩格尔现状如何?

1.青海玉树州杂多县4分钟连发2次地震,最大震级5.9级

2.河南信阳与小米集团合作交流座谈会召开

3.首批660名滞留海口的游客12日凌晨离岛返程

4.沈马组合现身北京国际电影节开幕红毯

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